Arakan (Rakhine) Yoma

   A mountain range (yoma in the Burmese [Myanmar] language) running in a north-south direction, which lies between the valley of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River and the Arakan (Rakhine) coastal plain. In the north, it joins the Chin Hills, while the southernmost extension is Cape Negrais in what is now Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) Division. The highest elevations are 1,500-2,000 meters (4,921-6,562 feet). The mountains effectively isolate central Burma from the Bay of Bengal littoral, though there are several passes, of which the An, Gwa, and Taungup are the most important. After World War II, the Arakan Yoma was home to several insurgent movements, including the "Red Flag" faction of the Communist Party of Burma, led by Thakin Soe until his capture in 1970.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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